"To see a world in a grain of sand,
And a heaven in a wild flower,
Hold infinity in the palm of your hand
And eternity in an hour."

From "Auguries of Innocence"

by William Blake

Friday, 24 October 2014

Brief Visit to a Gothic Cathedral

We were passing through Lichfield mid afternoon last Sunday when D suggested we should stop off and have a look round the Cathedral and the Close. I was happy to oblige - its long been on my list of places to visit especially since my interest in church architecture and history was renewed a few years ago.

Lichfield Cathedral is unique in being the only Medieval English Cathedral with three spires. Over 100 life-size statues adorn the West Front alone and include Chad, Saxon Kings, Biblical Prophets and Christ and the Apostles.

Apart from slight repairs in the Nineteenth Century, the Great West Doors are the original Fourteenth Century Doors.

As we'd stopped off on speck I hadn't had chance to check opening hours etc., and when we arrived a service had just started and, although you can sit quietly inside you obviously can't wander round at will, so we decided to have a toasted tea cake and cup of tea in the Cathedral tea-room and then walked round the Close looking at the exterior of the Cathedral.

Early 18th Century Deanery now used by the Cathedral School.

There has been a place of worship on the site for 1300 years. The first Cathedral was Saxon and consecrated in 700 AD - it was built to house the remains of Chad. Chad was trained by St Aidan on Holy Island, Lindisfarne and later became the first Bishop of Lichfield in AD 669. The second Cathedral was Norman and building began in 1030. The third Gothic Cathedral was started in 1190 and completed in 1340. The Cathedral was badly damaged during the Civil War - restoration took place between 1660 and 1669. A Victorian Restoration occurred between 1856 and 1908.

Finally, about twenty past four we were able to look round the inside. Needless to say it was a very brief visit - I can look round a church in half an hour but really would need at least 2 hours to explore a Cathedral. Additionally, it was only when we were leaving that I found someone I could ask about the use of flash photography! So the shots I could take were limited and I am afraid yet again there is a lot of stained glass (with skewiff horizons) and some blurred pictures!.

Looking along the Nave towards the Lady Chapel

Tree of Jesse window which shows the genealogy of Jesus - glass by Clayton and Bell 1893.

Victorian Font in the North Transept

Bishop Ryder - marble statue by Sir Francis Chantrey. Bishop Ryder (1777 - 1836) was a great nineteenth century bishop who was well known for his vigour in evangelistic work of all kinds. In his first 8 years as Bishop 22 new churches had been opened with another 10 planned.

I was really disappointed that the Chapter House was closed - this is where 3 of the treasures I was most hoping to see are located So we missed the St Chad Gospels which have been dated at 730 AD (one of the oldest books in Britain) and containing the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and the first few verses of Luke. The Lichfield Angel which was found in the Nave during excavations dates back to the 8th century and was probably part of the Shrine to St Chad who (with the Blessed Virgin Mary) is Patron Saint of the Cathedral. It is believed to show the Archangel Gabriel. Also in the Chapter House are a medieval wall painting - one of only 3 left after the Reformation and Civil Wars. There is also a selection of artefacts from the Anglo Saxon Staffordshire Hoard. Another one of the disadvantages of just stopping off without checking what is open and when!!!

This the Lady Chapel currently undergoing restoration and repair as it was in imminent danger of collapse. The famous Herkenwode Glass acquired by the Cathedral in 1803 from a disbanded convert in the Low Countries has been removed for restoration too. I believe it will be replaced next year.

I was really pleased to find a small Green Man high up on one of the Stained Glass Windows - sorry truly dreadful photos as I had to crop it very very heavily to get the images.

Medieval Wall Painting

The Hacket Window by Kempe. The window was commissioned to celebrate the completion of the Victorian restoration but it was decided to commemorate the earlier restoration following the Civil War.

Another Kempe Stained Glass Window - this one shows the Spread of the Christian Church (1895).

In retrospect with the small amount of time we had to spend in the Cathedral perhaps we should have spent time looking round Erasmus Darwin's House instead. He was the Great Grandfather of naturalist Charles Darwin and Erasmus himself was a poet and physician and studied physics, chemistry, geology, biology and meteorology.

Now I've discovered Lichfield is not much further than 30/40 minutes from home I will definitely be returning to visit Darwin's house and have a more thorough look round the beautiful Cathedral.

I've had to finish off the post in a bit of a rush so apologies for any typing errors!!

Monday, 20 October 2014

Return to Baddesley

I had a day out with a friend a few weeks ago and she wanted to go to Baddesley Clinton to see the dahlias. To be honest I've delayed writing a post on our trip as it wasn't long after my previous visit. I have kept dahlia and scarecrow images to a minimum this time!!

As mentioned before, Baddesley Clinton is a moated manor house built in the late 1500's by Henry Ferrers, a lawyer, diarist and antiquarian. Baddesley Clinton remained the home of the Ferrers family for 400 years. The family remained constant in their Catholic faith and were often short of funds, but the house was passed from father to son for 12 generations until being sold in the 1940's.

There were several people wandering around in period costume perhaps for the benefit of several school parties that were visiting.

We had a look round the house itself first of all. The house is a delight and I discover something new every time I walk round. Some parts were closed on the day we went for "deep cleaning" so I didn't get to see my favourite "Blue Lady" portrait but other rooms had been opened up. Not too many photos of the rooms - usual problem low light and no flash allowed equals ridiculously slow shutter speeds.

The tour used to begin in the Great Hall but it now starts in the Servants Quarters.

Baddesley Clinton has many examples of armorial glass and shields both in the House and Church. There are more than 170 Shields of Arms dating from the 11th to 20th centuries - these represent members and marriages of the Ferrers and Dering families. The Dering Crest contains The Black Horse of Dering with its gold mane and tail and dates back to Saxon times. Edward Dering commissioned this window with Black Horse crest for the new Servants Quarters.

This Crest contains the arms of Ferrers of Baddesley Clinton impaling (to place 2 coats of arms side by side on one single shield for husband and wife) the arms of Hampden.

The crest on the left representing the marriage of Williams of Ferrers, Earl of Derby, marrying Agnes Lady of Chartley, daughter of Hugh Keveliok, Earl of Chester. The arms of the Ferrers of Chartley are impaling the arms of Chester. The crest on the right marks the marriage of Ferrers Earl of Derby to Margaret Lady of Groby, daughter of Roger de Quincy, Earl of Winchester.

The crest in the middle shows the arms of Ferners of Chartley impaling the arms of Orpen. Marmion became "by right" Baron de Ferrers on the death of his uncle in 1855. The crest on the right combines the arms of Edward Heneage Dering and Georgiana Lady Chatterton in 1859.

It is believed that this shield in the Dining Room is commemorative of Henry Ferrers who died in 1526 and his wife Catherine.

This shield impales the arms of Henry Ferrers and those of his wife Catherine Hampden (mentioned above).

It starts to get confusing now this shows the arms of Hampden impaling the arms of Ferrers of Baddesley Clinton and are for Henry Hampden who married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Ferrers.

I forgot to take a photo of the notes that accompanied this piece of glass but from memory it has been restored.

The Chapel - used by Jesuit priests. Next door is the Sacristry (too dark to get a photo) but there was a garderobe at the end of the room which became the escape route into the sewer below when Jesuit priests were in residence. The house also has a couple of priest holes.

There is an exhibition in the Parlour celebrating the artistic work of a group known as The Quartet. This consisted of Marmion Edward Ferrers, his wife Rebecca and their friends Lady Georgiana Chatterton and her second husband Edward Dering.

We had a very tasty soup for lunch - Celery, Apple and Stilton and then looked round the Walled Garden.

Just a few dahlias.......!

I just love the colour of this Michaelmas Daisy.

I think this is a Tapered Drone Fly again - they seem to crop up wherever I go!

Just one Scarecrow - one I missed last time - meet Dick Turnip.

Several of the apple trees had mistle-toe growing on them.

We didn't have time for tea and cake but I did bring a few scones home.

If I am honest they really were rather disappointing.

Of course, I couldn't come away without buying a couple of books!! I've used information from the Heraldry book for some of the comments on crests and shields above.