Waxwing

Waxwing
"To see a world in a grain of sand,
And a heaven in a wild flower,
Hold infinity in the palm of your hand
And eternity in an hour."

From "Auguries of Innocence"

by William Blake

Saturday, 22 April 2017

Villages and Churches along the Worcestershire Blossom Trail - Part 1: Harvington and Fladbury






Last week we decided to have a family day out and follow some of the Worcestershire Blossom Trail stopping off to explore villages en route. There was plenty of blossom to see in the various villages but I think we were a little too early to see the plum and apple blossom at its best in the orchards we passed.



First port of call was the picturesque village of Harvington.









So many lovely villages seem to have a brook somewhere in the vicinity and Harvington was no exception. This stream was surrounded by wild flowers and several butterflies were spotted - Orange Tip and Holly Blue.







Next stop was the village of Fladbury which was mentioned in the Domesday book hence the community is over 1000 years old. It is located on the banks of the River Avon and has many historic half timbered brick 17th century houses.






We parked opposite the church and, while the rest of the family set off in search of a loo, I grabbed the opportunity for a whistle stop (20 minutes!) tour of the church and churchyard.

The steps leading up to the churchyard were made up of fragments of ancient gravestones.




The church of St John the Baptist parts of which date back to Norman times.



Good to see that this is another churchyard where wildlife is encouraged into "God's Acre".


Propped up against the church wall is this 13th/14th century grave cover. It would originally have been laid horizontally and was probably once inside the church.




I was that busy admiring this Easter decoration that I completely missed what Pevsner describes as a "splendid rib-vaulted porch".









The Painswick stone pulpit was installed during the 1870 restoration




This photo is rather blurred so I haven't bothered cropping it but I have included it because it contains an early 14th glass stained glass panel depicting the Virgin and Child. If I had known this at the time I would have taken a lot more care over the photo!




Of course, when I got home and read the church guide I realised that, as usual, I had managed to miss many of the most interesting features of the church including a 15th century tomb chest (Throckmorton memorial), 15th century wall posts, a stone head depicting Portia the Rectory dog and, worst of all some 14th century Heraldic Glass. In fact as luck would have it the latter was one of the few stained glass windows I didn't take a photo of! A few photos of the stained glass I did take - some of the windows are by Frederick Preedy.











I mentioned in a recent post how Amanda from the Quiet Walker blog had inspired me to take far more notice of old gravestones and tombs. I have recently finished reading a really interesting book by Trevor Yorke called "Gravestones, Tombs and Memorials" which describes how tombstones and memorials have changed in design/inscriptions/carved symbols over the centuries.

The earliest gravestones in churchyards generally tend to date back to 1660 and The Restoration of the Monarchy. Originally they were just slabs with crude lettering as most people were unable to write. As time passed work became of a higher standard with a border round the edge of the tombstone and symbols of death and time.

In the 18th century gravestones were still mainly for the more affluent members of the parish, for example, farmers, vicars and merchants. Some were plain stone with names and death of the deceased in the family listed. By mid-century the Rococo style became popular. Late 17th to early 18th century showed a morbid interest with the subject of time and death with skulls, crossbones, hour glasses and winged cherubs' heads being used as symbols.

The early 19th century saw alterations in the types of symbols and decorations. Carving was more deliberate and Classical imagery such as weeping trees, full length angels, urns and mourning figures replaced the more morbid themes. The Greek Revival style was also popular at the beginning of the century with decorations including swags, garlands and draped fabric. Phrases such as "Sacred" and "In Memory" were used along with emotional inscriptions.

In Victorian times the development of cemeteries and a rise in wealthy urban middle classes coincided with a change in gravestone design. The cross (rarely used before this time as it was seen as a symbol of popery) returned and arched slabs, altar tombs, coped stones and Celtic Crosses became popular. One distinctive feature of Victorian memorials is the use of different types of stone for example marble and polished granite.



There were lots of old gravestones in this particular churchyard - such a shame I didn't have more time to explore.





Some were illegible and covered in mosses and lichens.







There were lots of interesting inscriptions and carvings on this horizonal tombstone if only I could work out what they are! I can just discern a date of 1799.



So many wildflowers too to see - cowslips, dandelions, speedwell, primroses, daisies and cuckoo flower.




Trees shown upright on gravestones such as this weeping willow represent life and were popular late 18th century to Victorian times.




The urn as a symbol on this memorial to Richard Curtis who died on 27th December, 1851, aged 65 years, usually represents the soul.




This 1718 tombstone has moving verses (if you click on the image it should enlarge).




A memorial to 2 Farmer Bullocks one who died in 1799 and one in 1826.



Some interesting carvings - flowers (a cut flower could represent a life cut down in its prime), winged cherubs' heads which symbolise Resurrection and a figure holding a staff/cross and a book (Father Time or a figure of mourning?). Books may represent the Bible and may symbolise resurrection or sometimes wisdom.




A few early 18th Century tombstones - I think I can make out carvings of cherubs' heads








At this stage I noticed the family were sitting in the car looking rather fed up. No sign of any toilets so we decided to stop off in Evesham briefly and then continue on our journey to Bretforton - one of the most interesting villages I have ever visited but I will save the rest of the day for another post!



References

"A guide to The Church of St John the Baptist, Fladbury" by Frank Bentley
"Gravestones, Tombs and Memorials" (A Living History) by Trevor Yorke

Tuesday, 18 April 2017

Garden Moths and Flowers and Latest Reading plus a few Bee items



I started moth trapping at the beginning of March when the Garden Moth Scheme started. I always get off to a fairly slow start and so far have trapped just eight species. Here are some photos of a few of them.


Common Plume (Emmelina monodactyla)



Oak Beauty (Biston strataria)



Common Quaker (Orthosia cerasi)


Herbrew Character (Orthosia gothica)



Twin-spotted Quaker (Anorthoa munda)



Emperor Moths are starting to emerge in the wild so I have brought my 3 year old cocoons indoors in the hope that I will finally get a female emerge and I can try "assembling" to see if I can attract any males to the garden. The adult moths can take up to four years to emerge so there is still hope!



We've had three species of butterfly in the garden so far this year - Orange Tip, Holly Blue and Speckled Wood and Tawny Mining Bees are making their miniature volcano shaped nests in the garden.





Bee Flies have been seen round the garden - I find it difficult to get photos but this individual was rescued from a spider's web in the garage and was happy to pose.

Dark-edged Bee-fly (Bombylius major)



White and Red Camellias are flowering really well this year in the garden.




Wood Anemones, Primulas and Grape Hyacinths



When I saw some small white flowers nearby my initial thought was the the Wood Anemones were spreading but on closer examination I was thrilled to find a clump of Wood Sorrel which had somehow made its way into the garden.




Recent Reading


I am fascinated by gargoyles that you see on church buildings - this little book belongs to my son and is full of examples of different types of gargoyles to be found not only in the UK but in Europe.



I usually really enjoy Rachel Hore's books but I didn't think this was quite as good as some of her past novels.



The second Ruth Galloway book I have read and I just loved this story - couldn't put it down and I read it in just a few nights. Have now recommended this series of books to my son and he is enjoying the first immensely :)




If you enjoyed The War of the Worlds by H G Wells - you will like reading this sequel by Stephen Baxter. It is written in a similar style to Wells and tells of the Martians returning to Earth. I did think that perhaps the book was a little over long and could have done with some editing. The chapters detailing the invasion in other parts of the world seemed to me to have been added as an after thought after the main story had been written. But if you like science fiction I would recommend it.




Treated myself to this cake magazine in Sainsburys - it has some superb recipes - in fact I am having trouble deciding what to make first as every recipe looks delicious.



Finally, some bee related items I have treated myself to over the last few months.





This vase was a present from my daughter for Mother's Day (sorry for blurred photo - light was low!).